The term Film & Video Art refers to art that involves the use of video and /or audio data. It is also art that relies on moving pictures.

The introduction of video in the 1960s is the starting point of the medium Film & Video Art. Importantly, this radically alters the progress of art. In the early days, the most important aspect of video is that it was cheap and easy to make. It  enables artists to record and document their performances easily. This then gives the artists freedom outside the gallery, relieving the pressure on where the art is situated. Today’s video art consists of a range of techniques, from complex multi-screen installations, to work shot on an i-Phone.

Bruce Naumann is one of the early pioneers of video. He often uses video to reveal the hidden creative processes of the artist by filming himself in his studio. As video technology becomes more sophisticated, the art evolves from real-time, grainy, black and white recordings to the present day emphasis on large-scale installations in colour. Key video artists are Bill Viola, famous for his multi-screen videos, and Gillian Wearing, who uses a documentary style to make art about the hidden aspects of society.